"All cases of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result" (Durkheim, 1951).
Defining suicide attempt:
“A non-fatal self-directed potentially injurious behavior with any intent to die as a result of the behavior. A suicide attempt may or may not result in injury” (CDC, 2013).
Defining self-harm (also known as self-injurious behaviour):
“Is the direct, deliberate destruction or alteration of one’s own body tissue without conscious suicide attempt” (Favazza, 1996).